The exhibition is devoted to a landmark epoch in the history of Italy – the period of the Lombard Kingdom (AD 568–774). The invasion of the Lombards, a belligerent Germanic tribe, from central Europe led to the final collapse of the civilization of Late Classical Antiquity in the lands of the once flourishing central regions of the Roman Empire and the beginning of the era of feudal disunity on the Italian peninsula. The numerous archaeological artefacts left by this people vividly illustrate the course of the new conquerors’ settlement of almost the entire territory of Italy and the clash of two cultures. The inevitable demise of the political legacy of imperial Rome and the decline of a very great artistic culture did not, however, prove absolutely fatal. On their ruins a new historical phenomenon gradually came into being: the slender shoot that would eventually give the world the great fruit of the Italian Renaissance has its roots in the period of the Lombard Kingdom.